Kenya is a world of adventure prized for its splendid array of wildlife, indigenous culture, forests and deserts, beaches, music and dance, festivals and events, museums, galleries and exhibitions, great food and drink as well as vibrant cities and towns. The country boasts incredible landscapes including hills and mountains, spectacular lakes and historical sites that will imprint themselves on your memory with their beauty and astounding contrasts.
The land of diverse beauty screens exceptional qualities which make it very easy to love. Maybe it’s the local people or it’s the native culture mixed with each region’s individual history. Maybe it’s the adventurous experiences that touch the very base of your soul. There are numerous tourist places where you can take part in different activities and events.
The Republic of Kenya is located in East African region of Africa. The name Kenya is closely linked to Mt. Kenya, which is the second highest mountain in Africa.
Kenya became a British Colony in 1920. The struggle for independence began in earnest because European settlers were favored and given influence on the management of the colony, resulting in their occupation of land previously owned by the local people. Political activity heightened as the British struggles to maintain their dominance of the region, resulting in many people being put in detention.
After decades under the colonial rule, Kenya achieved her independence on 12th December 1963. A year later, on 12th December 1964, Kenya became a republic with Mzee Jomo Kenyatta as the first president.
Kenya has a rich diversity of climate, natural resources and wildlife, and diverse habitats of its people with their rich cultures. It is not possible to see and appreciate Kenya in a hurry, and the visitor needs to decide on one specific area of attraction at a time.
The capital city of Kenya is Nairobi. Nairobi, also known as the “Green City in the Sun” is the largest city in Kenya. It is a cosmopolitan city with a huge variety of wildlife and is considered to be a great safari destination. This city is a fourth largest city in Africa and the most populated city in East Africa. It is a cultural and business hub of Kenya, home to many companies and organizations. Nairobi is one of the major Kenya tourist destinations. The other cities are Mombasa and Kisumu. Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya known for its fine beaches such as Diani, Tiwi, and Shela. Mombasa is also home to other tourist attractions such as Fort Jesus and Old Town. Major towns in Kenya include Nakuru, Eldoret, Nyeri, Embu, Meru, Thika and Kakamega.
Geology of Kenya
Kenya lies across the equator on the east coast of Arica and borders Ethiopia and Sudan to the north, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, Somalia to the North East and the Indian Ocean to the east. The lowest point is along the Indian Ocean while the highest point is Mt. Kenya at 5,199m above sea level.
Climate of Kenya
Kenya is an equatorial country and the weather is generally good and pleasant all year-round February and March are the hottest months while the coldest periods are July and August. Long rains occur I April to June while short rains from October to December.
Population of Kenya
Based on the United Nations estimates, the population of Kenya was 51,114,847 as of Thursday, August 23, 2018. The country’s population is equivalent to 0.67% of the total world population. Read more here.
Culture of Kenya
Kenya has a culture born of countless sources, the 43 tribes of the people of Kenya enjoy diversity, unity and harmony of its people, who comprise the Bantu speakers, the Nilotes and the Cushitic speaking nomads, as well as the non-Africans (Asians, Europeans and Arabs). Although the local languages strongly exist, Kiswahili and English are the official languages. Interaction with the friendly people in their habitats leaves a most memorable impression.
Kenya has been crossed by the paths of a long and complex history, from the prehistoric records of early man to the present day, Kenya has been a land of unending change, contrasts, and diversity.
The early tribal states saw cycles of migration and shifting of power, with Kenya as a meeting place for people from the plain lands of the south, the forests of the west and the deserts of the north.
The sea brought influences from the outside world, and the passage of the spice trade created the unique coastal culture, where lines between Africa and Arabia blurred. The open coast brought European influences into this world of change and began a turbulent struggle for control whose exotic history lingers today.
The first explorers discovered a land of great peril and beauty, and their adventures create the most unique colony in the British Empire. Kenya became a meeting place of cultures, where adventurers and soldiers of fortune mingled with a complex tribal society, and the arrival of laborers and merchants from India brought new and pervasive influences.
Kenya has drawn from all of these influences to blend a different variety of cultures. Today, Kenya welcomes the world to its shores and continues to evolve a modern culture that is born of endless variety, and yet purely, proudly Kenyan.
Tourism in Kenya
Kenya is well known for its ‘Big Five’ and has large areas of land devoted to wildlife habitats. One of the most famous, the Masai Mara is home to lion, leopard, buffalo, rhinoceros, and elephant but large populations of birds, reptiles, and other wild animals can also be found across the regions national parks.
During June to September, the spectacular annual wildebeest migration takes place which sees, amongst others, millions of wildebeest migrate a distance of 1,800 miles. Traveling in a clockwise direction from the Serengeti in Tanzania to the Masai Mara in Kenya, the wildebeest are in constant search of fresh pastures of food and water.
Tourism is a big part of the Kenyan economy generating more than a billion dollars a year and providing nearly 500,000 jobs in the form of cooks, cleaners and safari guides. A much-needed by-product of this tourism is wildlife protection. Whilst poaching has been rife in previous decades, Kenyans are slowly realizing that their elephants are worth more to them alive than dead, as wildlife equals tourists, and tourism equals a sustainable income.
Lake Turkana is the famous lake of Northern Rift Valley and is also known as the biggest desert lake in the world. It is filled with crocodiles and the lake changes its color with the wind. Aberdare National Park lies in the Aberdare Mountain Range. It is home to many spectacular animals such as Sykes monkeys, baboons, lions, bongo, golden cat and the black rhino. This park is home to many hiking locations and picnic spots. Kenya tourist destinations provide a spectacular safari and wildlife experience.
Other expansive wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, the Amboseli, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Samburu National Park host some of Kenya’s best-kept secrets. Kenya has several world heritage sites such as Lamu and numerous beaches, including in Diani, Bamburi, and Kilifi, where international yachting competitions are held every year.
Malindi, a town which is surrounded by beaches, has a marine park where tourists come to enjoy snorkeling.
Thika is famous for its coffee plantations and two waterfalls; Thika falls and Chania falls. On the southeast section, it has Ol Donyo Sabuk National Park. Lamu is a historical place which was inhabited 700 years ago by Swahili settlers. This place has many economical rented houses where tourists can stay and enjoy the beaches of Lamu.
Visitors will not be disappointed by the variety of this diverse region. There are an incredible range of wild habitats from arid savannah to rich forest and freshwater lakes to coral reefs. There is also much to see and do from Kenya Safari game drives, to relaxing on breathtaking white sand beaches, hiking many different routes to the peaks of Mount Kenya and gliding gently over the scenery on an amazing hot air balloon flight.
Cuisine in Kenya
Kenyan dishes are inexpensive to make and is filling. Some of the popular dishes of Kenya are; Ugali (made from corn or maize flour and water which is served in different forms), Mandazi (sweet dish of fried dough), Mukimo (made from corn and potatoes with greens and vegetables) and Githeri (corn and beans boiled together and is served like a stew). While visiting different Kenya tourist destinations one should always try to feast on local Kenyan cuisines.
Accommodation in Kenya
With lots of different types of accommodation available from rustic lodges situated alongside watering holes to allow guests to watch the animal activity day and night, to luxury tented camps where you wake up to the sound of elephants, and track lions and cheetahs on game drives, there is something to offer every type of traveler.
Kenya is the best African destination with a wide range of premier places to browse through. Visit Kenya today and experience its magic!